Publisher Information: Padua: Meiettos fratres, 1573.
Varolio, Costanzo (1543-75). De nervis opticis nonnulisque aliis praeter communem opinionem in humano capite observatis. , 32ff. Text woodcuts. Padua: apud Paulum & Antonium Meiettos fratres, 1573. 144 x 91 mm. Later vellum; boxed. Woodcuts on ff. 17 and 19 shaved, but very good.
Extraordinarily Rare First Edition, with only the National Library of Medicine copy recorded in North American libraries. Varolio was the first anatomist to remove the brain and dissect it from below, thus allowing him to observe and describe the pons for the first time. “By this new method Varolio was able to make some contributions to the knowledge of the course and termination of the cranial nerves and to trace the course of the optic nerve approximately to its true termination. His name is perpetuated in the pons varolii” (Garrison-Morton.com 1478). “Although the pons is now considered to be part of the brainstem, Varolio’s account of it . . . is the first detailed description of a cerebellar connection” (Clarke & O’Malley, The Human Brain and Spinal Cord, p. 634). The work is illustrated with three woodcuts of the brain drawn by Varolio himself. Durling, A Catalogue of Sixteenth Century Printed Books in the National Library of Medicine, no. 4542.Book Id: 50419