Publisher Information: Basel: apud Mich. Isingrinium, 1551.
Galen (129 – ca. 216). Epitome Galeni Pergameni operum, in quatuor partes digesta, pulcherrima methodo universam illius viri doctrinal complectens. Edited by Andres de Laguna (1499-1559). Folio. pp., 1298 columns, pp. Woodcut illustrations. Basel: Apud Mich. Isingrinum, 1551. 323 x 204 mm. 16th century calf gilt, skillfully rebacked, hinges a bit rubbed. Title-leaf repaired, minor dampstaining, but very good. From the library of Nicolas Marchant (d. 1678), with his signature on the title and 5-line Latin inscription on the verso of the last leaf; signatures of several other early owners on the title. Copious marginal annotations on several leaves in 2 or 3 hands, including Marchant’s.
Second edition, first published in Venice in 1548, of this collection of Galen’s works edited by the Spanish physician-humanist Andres de Laguna, best known for his masterful Latin and Spanish editions of Dioscorides’ Peri hyles iatrikes (De materia medica). This copy was once owned by 17th-century French botanist and pharmacist Nicolas Marchant, who obtained a medical degree from the University of Padua and later became one of the first members of the Académie des Sciences. The margins of several pages—particularly Ee2v, the opening page of Galen’s De differentiis morborum liber, De causis morborum liber—contain copious notes in the margins and the spaces between the columns, by Marchant and possibly one or two other early owners.
Laguna studied medicine in Paris in the 1530s and spent several years in the Netherlands, France, England and Italy before returning to Spain in 1557. Known as the “Spanish Galen,” he enjoyed an international reputation as a learned and skilled physician, and his services were sought after by some of Europe’s most powerful men, including Pope Julius III and Holy Roman Emperors Charles V and Philip II. In his Epitome of Galen’s works, Laguna attempted to reconcile Galen’s doctrines with those of Hippocrates. A. Kousolis et al., “Andrés Laguna: A great medical humanist (1499-1559),” História da Medicina 24 (2011): 671-674.Book Id: 46290