Publisher Information: 1862.
Duchenne de Boulogne, Guillaume B. A. (1806-75). Signed charcoal drawing of a faradized subject after Fig. 53 in Duchenne’s Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862). N.p., n.d. (between 1862 and 1875). 172 x 155 mm. Fine.
Extremely Rare Signed Original Drawing of the subject illustrated in Fig. 53 of Duchenne’s Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (Garrison-Morton.com 4973), his pioneering study of the physiological mechanisms governing human facial expression. To our knowledge, this is one of only four drawings by Duchenne to be discovered after his death.
Duchenne produced artificial expressions of emotion in his subjects by electrical stimulation of their facial muscles, recording the results in photographs that he took himself; his Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine was the first medical book to be illustrated with photographs of living subjects. However, “despite his fondness of photography, Duchenne was also a keen illustrator and used his fine drawing skills to portray his patients . . . After being one of the first to use photographs in a medical book, Duchenne might have preferred to use drawings instead of his photographs for his next books. Indeed, in the introduction to the album of photos added to the second edition of De l’electrisation localisée published in 1862, Duchenne indicated that he was not completely satisfied by photography . . . He later realized the advantages of drawing compared with photographs: it lets the drawer emphasize some essential lines of the fact to better make a point” (Drouin and Péréon, p. 331). It is possible that Duchenne made the present drawing to illustrate the second edition of the Mécanisme, which he was preparing in the early 1870s; however, he died in 1875, a year before the second edition appeared, and this plan was not realized. E. Drouin and Y. Péréon, “Unique drawings by Duchenne de Boulogne,” The Lancet: Neurology 12 (2013): 330-331.Book Id: 46162