Publisher Information: 1937.
Wigner, Eugene (1902-95). On the consequences of the symmetry of the nuclear Hamiltonian on the spectroscopy of nuclei. Offprint from Physical Review 51 (1937). 107-119pp. 267 x 200 mm. Original printed wrappers, slightly darkened at margins. Very good. H. A. Kramers’ copy, with his name in pencil in block letters on the front wrapper.
First Edition, Offprint Issue. Wigner’s paper contains the initial development of the independent-particle model (IPM) of nuclear structure, describing the atomic nucleus in terms of a face-centered cubic lattice; this led to the development of the nuclear shell model in the 1940s and 1950s. “In a paper concerning the ‘Symmetry of the nuclear Hamiltonian,’ [Wigner] proposed what was soon acknowledged to be the foundation of the independent-particle model—and indeed was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 specifically for that work . . . the independent-particle quantal description of nucleon states established by Wigner has been in use by nuclear theorists ever since” (N. Cook, Models of the Atomic Nucleus [2nd ed.], pp. 202-203). Page 112 of Wigner’s paper contains the first illustration of the lattice geometry of the nucleus.
This copy is from the library of Dutch physicist H. A. Kramers (1894-1952), one of the major contributors to quantum theory.Book Id: 46054