Publisher Information: Munich: Verlag der k. Akademie, 1861.
Pettenkofer, Max Josef von (1818-1901). Ueber einen neuen Respirations-Apparat. Offprint from Abh. k. bayer. Akad. Wiss. 9 (1861). 4to. 48pp. 3 fold. lith. plates, text illustrations. Munich: Verlag der k. Akademie, 1861. 282 x 215 mm. Modern quarter morocco, marbled boards in period style; original printed front wrapper bound in. Lightly browned, front wrapper a little soiled, a few edges sl. frayed, but very good. Pettenkofer’s presentation inscription to Dr. Ernst Buchner (1812-70) on front wrapper: “Herrn Professor Dr. Ernst Buchner, freundschaftlich, der Verfasser.” Bookplate of Herbert M. Evans (1882-1971), discoverer of Vitamin E; see Garrison-Morton.com 1055.
First Edition of what appears to be Pettenkofer’s first account of his respiratory apparatus, predating Garrison-Morton.com 937 and 938. Pettenkofer created the science of experimental hygiene, spending the greater part of his career investigating the effects of physiological and environmental factors on health. In 1860 or 1861 he invented an airtight metallic respiratory apparatus, with which he performed the first combined feeding-respiration experiments. Pettenkofer’s device, illustrated on the plates, “comfortably housed a human subject or large experimental animal for a given period while the gaseous exchange and all bodily gains or losses were measured exactly. Thus, in collaboration with Carl Voit, one of his earliest pupils, Pettenkofer established many basic nutritional facts, such as the dietetic requirements of normal people at rest and in various activities, the vital necessity of adequate protein intake, the protein-sparing properties of carbohydrate and fat during starvation, and the need of the diabetic for extra protein and fat to replace unused carbohydrate” (Dictionary of Scientific Biography). The offprint of Pettenkofer’s paper was apparently published before its appearance in the journal volume, which was not issued until 1863. The recipient of this copy, Ernst Buchner, was a colleague of Pettenkofer at Munich; see Hirsch.Book Id: 44034